Linux is an open-source operating system. Open source means that its development code is available on the internet and any developer can access it. So it is a very rich platform and any developer can contribute so it has more community support than any other operating system. It is like safe heaven for developers and it is not everyone’s cup of tea due to its versatile nature. So it’s super fun and great for developers if you are new and want to get started with Linux. Then you have just keep reading because we will teach you not only how to install Linux on Windows 10 but its basics as well.
We have divided this blog into three major parts for your ease so make sure you read all of it.
- Choosing the Correct Version of Linux
- Installiing the Linix
- Getting Started with Linux
Choosing the Correct Version of Linux
Choosing a specific version of Linux is a difficult task as there are so many versions available on market and all are free to download. There are basically two foundations of Linux “Red Hat” and “Debian”. Debian has more community support however Red Hat is more stable and enterprise-based. For starters, we recommend Debian-based as it has more community support and if you face any problem regarding this then you can just simply refer to sites like Ubuntu. These sites have an answer to almost everything. Most importantly if google something “How to install or Configure ” any Linux-based application then in most instances it is going to be Debian base. It is the most popular distribution out there. So we are going to use the Ubuntu desktop because it has the best community support and fairly easy interphase.
Installing The Linux
Go to the Ubuntu site and download the Ubuntu desktop. Download the Long Term Support (LTS) version this is a well stable version and you can use it up to the next five years. it had some basic system requirements, it will run with even less but having the Recommended system requirements will be great. Click here to download it.
The ISO file will be downloaded to your download folder. Now you need a burner tool. We recommend “RUFUS”. It is a great tool to burn ISO onto your flash drives and it is free. Click here to download Rufus.
Insert your USB drive into the system and run Rufus. Select the ISO files and select the USB and hit start. This clears out all the tables format the USB drive and makes it an Ubuntu drive. Now when the drive is ready we will plug it into the system and boot from it.
Now we going to select “INSTALL UBUNTU” and then we going to select the “LANGUAGE”.
We are going to select enable Third party software for graphics and other drivers and hit continue.
We will select to completely wipe the disk to avoid any errors. Note this will completely format the selected drive so be sure the drive is empty.
Select the time zone and enter your personal details as well. Now be patient and let it complete the setup.
A boot up screen will appear and you have successfully install Ubuntu on your computer.
Well, this is it and you have successfully installed Linux on your windows 10. Now just follow the steps above for more precise results and to avoid any error. If you have are facing any difficulty in the installation of Linux then watch the video below for detailed guidance. This is a very simple method and effective for installation.
Getting Started with Linux
Now we have installed the Linux now we will do some cleanups. We will teach you how to install and uninstall programs. The only reporting company of Ubuntu is amazon, so it has an amazon app built-in. so we going to remove it and they just made it super easy just go to the Ubuntu software as shown and navigate to install and just click remove. It might prompt for Username and Password just enter the one used in Step 7 Boom it is gone.
For Installing the apps you can just go to them all and install any app that appears in the store for any app that does not appear in-store then you have to use the terminal to install the app. One quick tip is that press “CTRL+ALT+T” and it will pull up the terminal automatically so you do not have to search for it. This terminal is basically the software installer for Linux so we will show you in detail how to use it. Now for the installation part
Install a program using Terminal
Make sure that you are ruining the latest version of the terminal. type “sudo” This will allow administrator privilege to the terminal and it stands for “Super User DO”.
we are going to install “Php5″ you can install any other software. Now type ” sudo apt-get install php5″. you just have to know the name of your package you want to install and just type the name of that specific software in php5. Hit enter
Now it will ask you for permission for extra storage space and ask you ” do you want to continoue”. Press “Y” and hit enter. That’s all you need to install a package using the terminal.
If you are having any trouble regarding the installation of any application using the terminal watch the video below. This will surely help you as it explains and cover each and every step.
If you are interested in installing Mac OS on your PC then do check out : Guide to install Mac OS on a PC